Remix/Recreate
A Corpus Linguistics analysis and reflection: Respect vs Tolerance. Disrespectful vs Intolerant

This corpus linguistics activity approaches a topic which has been recently debated in the mainstream ICC: the concept of “Respect and Tolerance” (Dobbernack & Modood, 2013; Wilson, 2014). Approaching, analyzing and discussing these themes is of crucial importance in order to foster a culturally aware and responsive education. As Irina Bokova, director general of UNESCO, stated on the occasion of the International day for the elimination of racial discrimination (21 March 2014): “Respect and tolerance are liberating acts, whereby the differences of others are recognized as the same as our own and whereby the riches of another culture are taken as the wealth of all”.

In the proposed activity, students will be guided in the discovery of the terms “Respect” and “Tolerance” as well as their related adjectives “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant” conducting a corpus based analysis. In order to carry out the analysis and gather data, students will avail of a dedicated software named Lextutor. The activity starts with a reflective group discussion on these key themes and finishes with a critical discussion supported by the empirical data gathered.

As mentioned above, for the completion of the activity students will be using Lextutor. Lextutor is a free software that allows the researcher to analyse large amount of texts and produce data based, among other things, on frequency and concordance. Specifically, this activity focuses on the Concordance function hence the ability of the user to find and interpret all the occurrences of one word with its co-text.

It is important to say that Lextutor offers integrated corpora in different languages including English, French, Spanish and German.

 

Upon completion of this task students will be able to:

  • Discuss and reflect critically upon the concepts of “Respect” and “Tolerance”, “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant”
  • Conduct a corpus linguistic analysis
  • Identify ways of promoting Tolerance, Respect and Acceptance in multicultural environments

 

Technology required

  • Any mobile device (smartphone, tablet computer) and/or laptop computer, desktop.
  • Internet connection is required.

Material and links

An online concordancer is required, Lextutor, used in this example, is freely available.

 

Procedure

Before starting the corpus linguistic analysis, guide your students in the formulation of questions, hypothesis and/or definitions related to the concepts of “Respect and Tolerance”, “Disrespectful and Intolerant”.  Sample questions to foster a pre-activity discussion may include:

  • What are the key words you would associate with the terms “Respect” and “Tolerance”, “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant”?
  • What are your own definitions of these terms?
  • Can you provide specific examples that support your definitions?.

Note:  Record and share notes from the discussion.

 

Follow the steps outlined below or watch the video at the end.

  1. Open the Lextutor website and select the concordance option.
  2. On the concordance page, select corpus based concordances: English.
  3. Type the word Respect into the empty box (top left).
  4. Select a corpus from the box which says Choose a Corpus (you can choose written and/or spoken corpora depending on the analysis you want to conduct with your students).
  5. Click on the yellow button Get Concordance to run the search.
  6. Let your students explore and summarize the results they gathered on this .doc.
  7. Let your students repeat the same search for all the other words: “Tolerance”, “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant”
  8. Guide your students while they compare and contrast their notes/data on their document.
  9. Discuss the data gathered by your students and the data analysis in relation to the initial hypotheses.

 

The following video shows a step by step tutorial on the concordance function in Lextutor:

 

 

Suggestions for assessment 

Starting from the data gathered through the corpus linguistic analysis, students can work in groups creating presentations where they identify ways of promoting tolerance, respect and acceptance in multicultural environments.

 

Bibliography

Dobbernack, J., & Modood, T. (Eds.). (2013). Tolerance, intolerance and respect: hard to accept?. Springer.

Nesselhauf, N. (2004). Learner corpora and their potential for language teaching. How to use corpora in language teaching, 12, 125-156.

Sinclair, J. M. (Ed.). (2004). How to use corpora in language teaching (Vol. 12). John Benjamins Publishing.

Wilson, H. F. (2014). The possibilities of tolerance: intercultural dialogue in a multicultural Europe. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(5), 852-868.

 

 

Authors: Silvia Benini, Liam Murray, Marta Giralt

In the proposed activity, students will be guided in the discovery of the terms “Respect” and “Tolerance” as well as and their related adjectives “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant” conducting a corpus based analysis. In order to carry out the analysis and gather data, students will avail of a dedicated software named Lextutor. The activity starts with a reflective group discussion on these key themes and finishes with a critical discussion supported by the empirical data gathered.

 

Procedure

  • Before starting the corpus linguistic analysis, guide your students in the formulation of questions, hypothesis and/or definitions related to the concepts of “Respect and Tolerance”, “Disrespectful and Intolerant” (sample questions to foster a pre-activity discussion may be: What are the key words you would associate with the terms “Respect” and “Tolerance”, “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant”? What are your own definitions of these terms? Can you provide specific examples that support your definitions?). It is suggested to take notes on a document that can be shared with the class.
  • Open the Lextutor website and select the concordance option.
  • On the concordance page, select Corpus based concordances: English.
  • Type the word Respect into the empty box (top left).
  • Select a corpus from the box which says Choose a Corpus (you can choose written and/or spoken corpora depending on the analysis you want to conduct with your students).
  • Click on the yellow button Get Concordance to run the search.
  • Let your students explore and summarize the results they gathered on this .doc.
  • Let your students repeat the same search for all the other words: “Tolerance”, “Disrespectful” and “Intolerant”
  • Guide your students while they compare and contrast their notes/data on their document.
  • Discuss the data gathered by your students and the data analysis in relation to the initial hypotheses.

In the proposed activity, students will be guided in the discovery of the terms “Respect” and “Tolérance” as well as and their related adjectives “Irrespectueux” and “Intolérant” conducting a corpus based analysis. In order to carry out the analysis and gather data, students will avail of a dedicated software named Lextutor. The activity starts with a reflective group discussion on these key themes and finishes with a critical discussion supported by the empirical data gathered.

Procedure

  • Before starting the corpus linguistic analysis, guide your students in the formulation of questions, hypothesis and/or definitions related to the concepts of “Respect” and “Tolérance” , “Irrespectueux” and “Intolérant” (sample questions to foster a pre-activity discussion may be: What are the key words you would associate with the terms “Respect” and “Tolérance” , “Irrespectueux” and “Intolérant” ? What are your own definitions of these terms? Can you provide specific examples that support your definitions?). It is suggested to take notes on a document that can be shared with the class.
  • Open the Lextutor website and select the concordance option.
  • On the concordance page, select Corpus based concordances: French.
  • Type the word Respect into the empty box (top left).
  • Select a corpus from the box which says Choose a Corpus (you can choose written and/or spoken corpora depending on the analysis you want to conduct with your students).
  • Click on the yellow button Get Concordance to run the search.
  • Let your students explore and summarize the results they gathered on this .doc.
  • Let your students repeat the same search for all the other words: “Tolérance” , “Irrespectueux” and “Intolérant”
  • Guide your students while they compare and contrast their notes/data on their document.
  • Discuss the data gathered by your students and the data analysis in relation to the initial hypotheses.

In the proposed activity, students will be guided in the discovery of the terms “Achtung” and “Toleranz” as well as and their related adjectives “Respektlos” and “Intolerant” conducting a corpus based analysis. In order to carry out the analysis and gather data, students will avail of a dedicated software named Lextutor. The activity starts with a reflective group discussion on these key themes and finishes with a critical discussion supported by the empirical data gathered.

Procedure

  • Before starting the corpus linguistic analysis, guide your students in the formulation of questions, hypothesis and/or definitions related to the concepts of “Achtung” and “Toleranz”, “Respektlos” and “Intolerant” (sample questions to foster a pre-activity discussion may be: What are the key words you would associate with the terms “Achtung” and “Toleranz”, “Respektlos” and “Intolerant”? What are your own definitions of these terms? Can you provide specific examples that support your definitions?). It is suggested to take notes on a document that can be shared with the class.
  • Open the Lextutor website and select the concordance option.
  • On the concordance page, select Corpus based concordances: German.
  • Type the word Achtung into the empty box (top left).
  • Select a corpus from the box which says Choose a Corpus (you can choose written and/or spoken corpora depending on the analysis you want to conduct with your students).
  • Click on the yellow button Get Concordance to run the search.
  • Let your students explore and summarize the results they gathered on this .doc.
  • Let your students repeat the same search for all the other words: “Achtung” and “Toleranz”, “Respektlos” and “Intolerant”.
  • Guide your students while they compare and contrast their notes/data on their document.
  • Discuss the data gathered by your students and the data analysis in relation to the initial hypotheses.

In the proposed activity, students will be guided in the discovery of the terms “Rispetto” and “Tolleranza” as well as and their related adjectives “Irrispettoso” and “Intollerante” conducting a corpus based analysis. In order to carry out the analysis and gather data, students will avail of a dedicated platform named CORIS/CODIS. The activity starts with a reflective group discussion on these key themes and finishes with a critical discussion supported by the empirical data gathered.

Procedure

  • Before starting the corpus linguistic analysis, guide your students in the formulation of questions, hypothesis and/or definitions related to the concepts of “Rispetto” and “Tolleranza” , “Irrispettoso” and “Intollerante” (sample questions to foster a pre-activity discussion may be: What are the key words you would associate with the terms “Rispetto” and “Tolleranza” , “Irrispettoso” and “Intollerante” ? What are your own definitions of these terms? Can you provide specific examples that support your definitions?). It is suggested to take notes on a document that can be shared with the class.
  • Open the CORIS/CODIS website and select, on the left hand side, the CORIS or CODIS corpus access.
  • Once you have selected the desired option, type the word Respect using quotation marks into the empty query box (i.e: TCORIS).
  • Select a corpus from the box which says Subcorpus
  • Click on the Esegui botton to run the search.
  • Let your students explore and summarize the results they gathered on this .doc.
  • Let your students repeat the same search for all the other words: “Tolleranza” , “Irrispettoso” and “Intollerante”
  • Guide your students while they compare and contrast their notes/data on their document.
  • Discuss the data gathered by your students and the data analysis in relation to the initial hypotheses.

In the proposed activity, students will be guided in the discovery of the terms “Respeto” and “Tolerancia” as well as and their related adjectives “Irrespetuoso” and “Intolerante” conducting a corpus based analysis. In order to carry out the analysis and gather data, students will avail of a dedicated software named Lextutor. The activity starts with a reflective group discussion on these key themes and finishes with a critical discussion supported by the empirical data gathered.

Procedure

  • Before starting the corpus linguistic analysis, guide your students in the formulation of questions, hypothesis and/or definitions related to the concepts of “Respeto” and “Tolerancia”, “Irrespetuoso” and “Intolerante” (sample questions to foster a pre-activity discussion may be: What are the key words you would associate with the terms “Respeto” and “Tolerancia”, “Irrespetuoso” and “Intolerante”? What are your own definitions of these terms? Can you provide specific examples that support your definitions?). It is suggested to take notes on a document that can be shared with the class.
  • Open the Lextutor website and select the concordance option.
  • On the concordance page, select Corpus based concordances: Spanish.
  • Type the word Respeto into the empty box (top left).
  • Select a corpus from the box which says Choose a Corpus (you can choose written and/or spoken corpora depending on the analysis you want to conduct with your students).
  • Click on the yellow button Get Concordance to run the search.
  • Let your students explore and summarize the results they gathered on this .doc.
  • Let your students repeat the same search for all the other words: “Respeto” and “Tolerancia”, “Irrespetuoso” and “Intolerante”.
  • Guide your students while they compare and contrast their notes/data on their document.
  • Discuss the data gathered by your students and the data analysis in relation to the initial hypotheses.